Starting in 2000, Kawasaki began to refine its waste management approach with new initiatives focused on the 3Rs: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. In 2005, the Rubbish Management Fundamental Plan, known as the Kawasaki Challenge for 3Rs, called for Kawasaki to become a ‘recycling-based’ city promoting collaboration among citizens and businesses based on the 3Rs. These efforts ushered in many additional benefits beyond the reduction of waste.

Waste Management in Kawasaki City, Japan